Original Article: PDF OnlyFelix Stephan B.; Baumann, Gert; Ahmad, Zeynep; Hashemi, Thilo; Niemczyk, Martina; Berdel, Wolfgang E.Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: November 1990 - p 750-756 Free Abstract Summary: Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is an important mediator of cardiovascular shock owing to immunologic reactions, including anaphylaxis and endotoxaemia. Previous studies have shown that PAF is a potent cardiodepressive agent causing a marked coronary constriction and a sustained impairment of myocardial contractility. In this study, we attempted to characterize further the prolonged PAF effects on coronary circulation and myocardial contractile force in isolated guinea pig hearts perfused at constant pressure (60 cm H2O) or constant flow which was adjusted to a level of 100% above basal flow. In addition, the PAF-induced changes of ventricular systolic and diastolic function were distinguished. In the hearts perfused at constant pressure, PAF induced a dose-dependent (0.57, 5.7, and 57 pmol/min) decrease of coronary flow rates, left ventricular pressure (LVP), LV contraction (peak positive dP/dt) and LV relaxation (peak negative dP/dt). The decrement of peak negative dP/dt was more pronounced than that of peak positive dP/dt. Maintenance of coronary flow rates only attenuated, but did not suppress, the PAF-induced ventricular malfunction, and it improved ventricular relaxation less than it did ventricular contraction. Pretreatment with the PAF antagonist WEB 2086 (19.7 nmol/min) almost completely abolished the effects of the highest PAF dose on coronary circulation and ventricular contractile parameters. We conclude that the cardiodepressive effects of PAF are due to coronary constriction and direct contractile events. Furthermore, PAF impairs ventricular diastolic function more than ventricular systolic function © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.