Original Article: PDF OnlyDonnelly R; Elliott, H L; Meredith, P A; Reid, J LJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: November 1990 - p 790-795 Free Abstract Summary: Eight normotensive subjects received single and multiple doses of cromakalim (1 mg) and placebo in a randomised double-blind cross-over study to examine general tolerance to cromakalim and its effects on blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and pressor responses to norepinephrine (NE) and angiotensin II (AH). In a second study, 10 hypertensive patients whose BP control was unsatisfactory with atenolol 50-100 mg received additional treatment with placebo followed by cromakalim 1 mg daily for 4 weeks. Assessments were made of BP, HR, apparent hepatic blood flow and renal blood flow (RBF), pulmonary function, and the pharmacokinetics of atenolol. Cromakalim was generally well tolerated in both normotensive and hypertensive subjects. In the normotensive group, cromakalim produced a reflex increase in HR without any detectable decrease in BP: average (placebosubtracted) increases in HR at 4 h were 16 beats/min with subjects in an erect position after the single dose and 14 beats/min after 7 days. Cromakalim had no effect on pressor responses to NE and AII. Addition of cromakalim to atenolol was associated with modest further reductions in BP between 0.5 and 3 h after drug administration, with maximal reductions of 21/14 mm Hg (subjects in supine position) 2 h after the first dose. Cromakalim had no effect on apparent liver blood flow and RBF, pulmonary function, and the steady-state pharmacokinetics of atenolol. Single and multiple 1-mg doses of cromakalim are well tolerated but are associated with only modest vasodilator activity © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.