We tested the hypothesis that inhibition of adenosine transport by dipyridamole and inhibition of adenosine deamination by erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)adenine (EHNA) prevents nucleoside loss and stimulates postischemic ATP-repletion. In an open chest canine model, dipyridamole (0.5 mg/kg/h) and EHNA (5 mg/kg/h) were infused intra-atrially during a coronary occlusion period of 45 min and a reperfusion period of 180 min. Transmural needle biopsies, obtained during the ischemic period and within the reperfusion period, were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography for adenine nucleotides and adenosine, inosine, xanthine, and hypoxanthine as well as creatine phosphate. During ischemia and under the influence of dipyridamole plus EHNA, 56% of the catabolized adenine nucleotides were recovered stoichiometrically as adenosine, whereas in the untreated group <10% of the nucleotides were recovered as adenosine because of rapid deamination to inosine. In the control group, ATP levels decreased during ischemia from control values of 5.25 ± 0.28 μm/g to 2.01 ± 0.18 μm/g. In the group treated with dipyridamole and EHNA, ATP levels fell to 2.2 ± 0.22 μm/g but rose to 3.22 ± 0.29 μm/g within 180 min of reperfusion, whereas in the untreated control group tissue levels of ATP did no increase. However, a significant proportion of the adenosine accumulated during ischemia under the influence o?? dipyridamole plus EHNA was not used for the restoration of the ATP level during reperfusion. A significan amount of adenosine was probably trapped in the interstitial space and could not be transported back into the myocytes in the presence of dipyridamole during reperfusion. In both groups, creatine phosphate levels were restored to normal levels during reperfusion.
Received November 11, 1986; revision accepted August 26, 1987.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. K. J. Henrichs at Max-Planck-Institute, Department of Experimenta Cardiology, Benekestrasse 2, D-6350 Bad Nauheim, Federal Republic of Germany.
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