In helical strips of dog cerebral, coronary, mesenteric, and renal arteries treated with ONO3708, an inhibitor of vasoconstricting prostaglandin (PG) receptors, and previously contracted with serotonin, PGF2a, PGD2 and epithiomethano thromboxane A2 (sTxA2), a TxA2 analog, caused a relaxation. The cerebral arterial relaxation was suppressed by treatment with indomethacin and abolished by diphloretin phosphate (DPP), a PG antagonist. On the other hand, the relaxation of mesenteric arteries was not influenced by indomethacin but was markedly attenuated by DPP. Removal of endothelium did not alter the relaxation. Relaxations of coronary and renal arteries by PGF2a were suppressed by indomethacin and DPP, whereas the PGD2-induced relaxation was not affected by indomethacin but was abolished by DPP. Concentration–relaxation curves for PGI2 were shifted to the right by treatment with DPP. It is concluded that after ablation of the constrictor response, dog cerebral arteries relax in response to PGs and TxA2, probably due mainly to the release of PGI2-like substance from the arterial wall and to the action of PGI2 receptive sites, whereas the mesenteric arterial relaxation appears to be associated with their action on PGI2 receptors in smooth muscle cells. PGF2a-induced relaxations in coronary and renal arteries may result from the release of PGI2, and relaxations by PGD2 from the action on PGI2 receptors.
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