ORIGINAL ARTICLE: PDF OnlyWestfall Thomas C.; Carpentier, Suzanne; Chen, Xiaoli; Beinfeld, Margery C.; Naes, Linda; Meldrum, Michael J.Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: December 1987 - p 716-722 Free Abstract Summary: The effect of neuropeptide Y (NPY) on periarterial nerve stimulation-induced release of norepinephrine (NE) and increase in perfusion pressure in the perfused mesenteric arterial bed of the rat was examined. Perfusate effluents were continuously collected and assayed for endogenous NE by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to electrochemical detection. Perfusion pressure was continuously monitored by means of a pressure transducer. Periarterial nerve stimulation (8 or 16 Hz, 60 V, 2-ms duration for 30 s) resulted in a readily detectable increase in NE release and perfusion pressure that was attenuated by the prior administration of tetrodotoxin (TTX) (10−5M) or guanethidine (5 × 10−5M). NPY exerted both prejunctional and post-junctional effects on noradrenergic neurotransmission in this preparation. The peptide produced a concentration-dependent reduction in the release of NE over a concentration range of 10−10-10−7M. A similar inhibition effect occurred at 8. 10. and 16 Hz. In contrast, low concentrations (10−10 and 10−9M) decreased the effect of nerve stimulation on perfusion pressure, whereas higher concentrations (10−7M) produced a marked potentiation. The α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, yohimbine, did not alter the inhibitory effect of NPY on evoked NE release or the effect on perfusion pressure. Prazosin similarly did not alter the inhibitory effect of NPY on NE release but prevented the increase in perfusion pressure. We conclude that NPY modulates noradrenergic neurotransmission in the mesenteric arterial bed by decreasing the evoked release of NE and producing a concentration-dependent bi-phasic response on vascular smooth muscle. The inhibition of NE produced by low concentrations of NPY results in a decrease in perfusion pressure whereas high concentrations produce a marked increase in perfusion pressure. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.