Original Article: PDF OnlyAcad B; Sonn, J.; Furman, E; Scheinowitz, M; Kedem, JJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: January 1987 - p 79-86 Free Abstract Summary: The effect of gradual infusion of nitroprusside was studied in healthy and in ischemic hearts. In two areas of the left ventricular surface (ischemic and nonischemic) local coronary blood flow was measured by a thermistor technique. Isometric contractile tension was recorded with strain gauge arches, and nicotinamideadenine-dinucleotide (NADH) redox state was measured simultaneously in both regions using a two-channel fluorometer. Aortic blood pressure was also recorded. It was found that at an infusion rate of 1.0 µg/kg/min, nitroprusside increased regional coronary blood supply in the healthy heart as well as in the ischemic and nonischemic areas of left anterior descending artery (LAD)-ligated hearts. Flow elevation was similar in all regions (37.0 ± 6.1, 42.5 ± 13.5 and 45.36 ± 14.8%, respectively). At higher doses, a decrease of 6–10% in blood pressure had a detrimental effect on the coronary flow to the ischemic region without reducing flow to the nonischemic region. The NADH redox level was not significantly improved by nitroprusside in spite of elevated coronary blood supply to all regions examined. Moreover, higher doses of nitroprusside resulted in a significant elevation in NADH levels that could be correlated to the decrease in blood pressure. It is concluded that the effect of nitroprusside on coronary blood supply and myocardial O2 balance may be strongly dependent on the magnitude of its effect on blood pressure. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.