Original Article: PDF OnlyFrancis R J; Brown, A N; Kler, L; d'Amore, T Fasanella; Nussberger, J; Waeber, B; Brunner, H RJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: January 1987 - p 32-38 Free Abstract Summary: The pharmacokinetics of the new converting enzyme inhibitor cilazapril were investigated in 12 healthy male volunteers. Single oral doses of 1.25, 2.5, 5, and 10 mg of cilazapril were tested in groups of six subjects, each of whom received two different doses. A 2-week interval was allowed between treatments. Plasma levels of cilazaprilat, the active form of cilazapril, were measured for up to 3 days after drug administration. Peak plasma levels and 24-h areas under the curve (AUCs) were almost directly proportional to dose, and the elimination half-life (t½) during the first 8 h after dosing was 1.5 h. From 24 h on, there was a prolonged terminal phase with a t½ of ˜50 h, and there was only slight dosedependency during this phase. These data suggest that the pharmacokinetics of cilazapril are nonlinear. A physiologically realistic model based on saturable binding to converting enzyme was developed to account both for the drug kinetics and for the relationship of the kinetics to the dynamics of plasma converting enzyme inhibition. A number of conclusions relevant to the therapeutic application of cilazapril in hypertension are drawn from the data and from the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.