Original Article: PDF OnlyBurges R A; Gardiner, D G; Gwilt, M; Higgins, A J; Blackburn, K J; Campbell, S F; Cross, P E; Stubbs, J KJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: January 1987 - p 110-119 Free Abstract Summary: Amlodipine was twice as potent as nifedipine at inhibiting Ca2 + -induced contractions in depolarised rat aorta (IC50 1.9 nM vs. 4.1 nM) but, unlike nifedipine, displayed a very slow onset of action. Contractions induced by depolarising steps with 45 mM K+ were much less potently blocked by amlodipine (IC50 19.4 nM), whereas the potency of nifedipine was little changed (IC50 7.1 nM). This difference may be explained by a modulated receptor hypothesis, similar to that described for cardiac muscle, in which block of vascular calcium channels by dihydropyridines is enhanced at depolarized membrane potentials, such voltage-dependence only being apparent with a slow-acting drug such as amlodipine. Recovery from amlodipine block of K + -responses in rat portal vein after drug washout was also very slow. Amlodipine and nifedipine blocked phenylephrine-induced contractions of the rat aorta with potencies similar to those against depolarisation-induced responses. Negative inotropic potencies of amlodipine and nifedipine in perfused guinea pig hearts were approximately one-tenth those against Ca2 +-induced contractions in rat aorta. Amlodipine caused complete block of guinea pig papillary muscle single-cell slow action potentials at a concentration (5 µM) that had no effect on upstroke velocity of normal, fast potentials but reduced the duration of the plateau phase. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.