Original Article: PDF OnlyEllis Earl F.; Wright, Kathy F.; Jones, P. Shearin; Richardson, David W.; Ellis, Cathy K.Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: July-August 1980 - p 387-398 Free Abstract Large doses of oral aspirin inhibit platelet aggregation and vascular synthesis of the antiaggregatory vasodilator prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) by irreversibly acetylating the cyclooxygenase enzyme. In order to determine if one can achieve selective inactivation of platelet cyclooxygenase using oral doses of aspirin, we studied human and rabbit platelet aggregation and rabbit aortic synthesis of PGI2 before and 3 hr after various doses of aspirin. In rabbits, lower doses of aspirin produced a major inhibition of platelet aggregation and a minor inhibition of PGI2 synthesis, while higher doses of aspirin inhibited both platelet aggregation and vascular PGI2 synthesis. In humans, we found that a dose equivalent to approximately 1/4 of one 300 mg aspirin tablet consistently produced a major inhibition of cyclooxygenase-dependent platelet aggregation in a pattern similar to the inhibition of rabbit platelet aggregation where the majority of rabbit PGI2 synthetic capacity was not inhibited. In another rabbit study, we found that it takes the vasculature over 24 hr to return to control PGI2 synthetic capacity following a single, high dose of oral aspirin. In conclusion, we speculate that approximately 1/4 of an aspirin tablet, which inhibits a major portion of cyclooxygenase-dependent human platelet aggregation, may not inhibit a major portion of vascular cyclooxygenase-dependent PGI2 synthesis and may be more efficacious as an antithrombotic agent in man than are higher doses of aspirin. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.