The Effects of Music Therapy in Cardiac HealthcareHanser, Suzanne B. EdD*; Mandel, Susan E. MEd†Cardiology in Review: January-February 2005 - Volume 13 - Issue 1 - p 18-23 doi: 10.1097/01.crd.0000126085.76415.d7 Review Article Abstract Author Information Music therapy has been applied with patients who present with acute myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft, and other cardiac conditions. Music therapists integrate their techniques into cardiac care units, often treating patients who require assistance in coping with stress. This article reviews the research supporting the use of music as therapy and offers case examples to illustrate a variety of clinical methods. From the *Berklee College of Music, Boston, MA; and the †Lake Hospital System, Willoughby, OH. Reprints: Suzanne B. Hanser, EdD, Music Therapy Department, Berklee College of Music, 1140 Boylston Street, Boston, MA 02215. E-mail: email@example.com. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.