Heart FailureEtiology, Evaluation, and Management of Acute MyocarditisHaas, Garrie J. MDAuthor Information MidOhio Cardiology Consultants, Columbus, Ohio Address reprint requests to: Garrie J. Haas, MD, MidOhio Cardiology Consultants, 3545 Olentangy River Road, Suite 325, Columbus, OH 43124. Date of acceptance: November 24, 2000. Cardiology in Review: March-April 2001 - Volume 9 - Issue 2 - p 88-95 Buy Abstract The evaluation and management of acute myocarditis remain two of the most difficult challenges that general internists and cardiologists face today. Although the majority of cases are subclinical and self-limited, the true prevalence of myocarditis in the general population is unknown. In its most severe form, patients with myocarditis may present with rapidly progressive heart failure, cardiogenic shock, or complex arrhythmia. Indeed, acute myocarditis should be in the differential diagnosis of acute heart failure, particularly in young and previously healthy individuals. © 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.