Family management (FM) challenges of maternal caregivers of young adult survivors of childhood brain tumors are well documented, but there are no evidence-based caregiver interventions to improve FM.
The aims of this study were to (1) generate the knowledge necessary for developing a caregiver intervention (stage 0) and (2) modify an existing, efficacious intervention by engaging stakeholders (stage 1).
Stages 0 and 1 of the National Institutes of Health Stage Model for Behavioral Intervention Development and the FM Styles Framework were used in this study.
In stage 0, families with condition-focused FM patterns were identified as at risk for poor problem solving. The 12-item Condition Management Ability scale of the FM Measures was selected as the screener to identify condition-focused maternal caregivers. Problem solving was identified as a potential mechanism for promoting behavior change. In stage 1, Bright IDEAS for Everyday Living was modified by integrating the FM Styles Framework creating Training in Problem Solving for Caregivers of Young Adult Survivors of Childhood Brain Tumors. Qualitative and quantitative assessments of feasibility and acceptability by maternal caregivers were excellent and used to improve selected areas of concern.
Feedback from stakeholders indicates that Training in Problem Solving is a promising approach to shifting FM patterns and improving the functioning of caregivers, young adult survivors, and families.
Implications for Nursing Practice
When developing interventions, the use of systemic methods can provide both clinically based and scientifically acceptable solutions. Those interventions based on both problem solving and FM are potentially promising but need further testing.