Coping strategies are essential in dealing with threatening situations or difficulties for better psychological adjustments and quality of life. A short-form modified Ways of Coping Questionnaire (MWCQ) would be useful to quickly assess the coping strategies used by breast cancer survivors.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of a brief version of the MWCQ in breast cancer survivors.
A methodological, cross-sectional design was used in this study. The study has internal consistency reliability, face/content, construct, and convergent/divergent validity. Factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used to examine the psychometric properties of the MWCQ-brief in a convenience sample of 207 women with breast cancer from 2 general hospitals in Taiwan.
From the initial 35-item coping scale, factor analysis results supported a 24-item questionnaire, and the following 4 factors were extracted: effective coping, optimistic coping, unpractical coping, and escape coping. Confirmatory factor analysis results revealed an 18-item questionnaire with 3 factors extracted: active coping, avoidance coping, and minimizing the situation.
The 24- and 18-item MWCQ-brief versions demonstrate fair psychometric properties to measure adaptability among women with breast cancer in Taiwan. This scale is simple but contains 4 or 3 concepts for coping that can be appropriately used to assess underlying states of adaptation in women with breast cancer.
Implications for Practice
The MWCQ-brief is a valid and reliable tool to understand the adaptability states of female breast cancer survivors by exploring reactions to the disease. Healthcare professionals can provide appropriate psychosocial interventions based on assessment results.