ARTICLESA Pilot Study of a Relaxation Technique for Management of Nausea and Vomiting in Patients Receiving Cancer ChemotherapyCampos de Carvalho, Emília RN, PhD; Titareli Merizio Martins, Fernanda RN; Benedita dos Santos, Claudia PhDAuthor Information From the Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, University of São Paulo, and WHO Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research Development, São Paulo, Brazil. This project was funded by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq). Corresponding author: Emília Campos de Carvalho, RN, PhD, Department of General and Specialized Nursing, Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes 3900, 14040-902 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil (e-mail: email@example.com). Accepted for publication January 17, 2007. Cancer Nursing: March-April 2007 - Volume 30 - Issue 2 - p 163-167 doi: 10.1097/01.NCC.0000265007.87311.d0 Buy Metrics Abstract This study was designed to determine the effect of a progressive muscle relaxation intervention on nausea and vomiting associated with anticancer chemotherapy. Subjects were 30 hematology patients who were hospitalized and received chemotherapy treatment at a large hospital in the interior of São Paulo, Brazil. The results indicated that progressive muscle relaxation lead to statistically significant changes in physiological and muscle conditions and in nausea and vomiting levels. Therefore, this relaxation technique may be an effective nursing intervention method to allay or alleviate nausea and vomiting in patients receiving chemotherapy. For future studies, we suggest using a control group, a homogeneous sample in terms of antiemetic and chemotherapy type and dosage, and the longitudinal following of subjects during chemotherapy. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.