ARTICLESPredictors of Quality of Life in Rural Patients With CancerSchultz, Alyce A. RN, PhD; Winstead-Fry, Patricia RN, PhDAuthor Information Alyce A. Schultz is the Nurse Researcher, Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine. Patricia Winstead-Fry is a Professor, School of Nursing, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Alyce Schultz, Maine Medical Center, 22 Bramhall Street, Portland, ME 04012. Accepted for publication September 28, 2000. Cancer Nursing: February 2001 - Volume 24 - Issue 1 - p 12-19 Buy Abstract Quality of life (QOL) as an outcome for cancer treatment has been studied primarily in urban populations. Yet, descriptions of rural dwellers suggest that their perception of QOL may differ from that of their urban counterparts. The purpose of this study was to examine QOL in people with a cancer diagnosis of at least 1 month duration in two similar rural northeastern states. The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy General (FACT G) scale was completed by 344 respondents. The mean QOL score was 89.41 ± 16.55. State of residence, gender, known recurrence, and marital status were significant predictors of QOL, explaining 18.3% of the variance in this study. Age, education level, income, type of cancer, living arrangements, and time since diagnosis were not predictive. The QOL scores in this rural sample were higher than those reported earlier for predominantly urban dwellers. Future research is needed to understand these differences. © 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.