ORIGINAL ARTICLE: PDF OnlyThe family's cancer journey A literature reviewKristjanson, Linda J. R.N., Ph.D.; Ashcroft, Terri R.N., B.N., M.N. (Cand.)Author Information Linda J. Kristjanson, R.N., Ph.D., is Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Terri Ashcroft is a graduate student, Faculty of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Cancer Nursing: February 1994 - Volume 17 - Issue 1 - p 1-17 Buy Abstract Cancer is recognized by health professionals as a phenomenon experienced by the entire family, not just by the individual member diagnosed with the disease. This article is based on an examination of ∼ 200 clinical papers and research studies written between 1970 and 1991. Four major dimensions of the family cancer experience were identified from the literature: developmental stage of the family, cancer illness trajectory, family responses to cancer, and health care provider behaviors. The most developed body of literature documents the family responses to cancer and health-care provider behaviors directed at these responses. Gaps in research knowledge are identified and directions and recommendations for future research are outlined. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.