Special Focus: Foot and AnkleAn orthopaedist’s review of diabetic foot wounds and osteomyelitisDeSanto, Matthew R. BSa; Weber, Luke V. BSa; Nageeb, Emmanuel BSa; Petersen, Kyle MDb; Junko, Jeffrey MDbAuthor Information aNortheast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, Ohio bDepartment of Orthopedic Surgery, Summa Health System, Akron, Ohio Financial disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest. Correspondence to Matthew R. DeSanto, BS, 6160 Pebble Beach Ct, Canfield, OH, 44406 Tel: +330-503-5114; e-mail: email@example.com Current Orthopaedic Practice: September/October 2020 - Volume 31 - Issue 5 - p 423-428 doi: 10.1097/BCO.0000000000000908 Buy Metrics Abstract As the number of patients with diabetes continues to grow, complications of diabetes have likewise increased. Specifically, diabetic foot ulcers have become a massive burden to both the diabetic patient population and national healthcare systems. Diabetic foot ulcers occur due to nerve damage as a result of extensive hyperglycemia. This nerve damage can allow the progression of ulceration, thus providing a window of opportunity for various pathogens to invade the surrounding tissue. Extensive infection of the ulcer tissue can lead to infection of nearby bone, which may require both surgical and antimicrobial intervention for proper wound healing. The aim of this review was to describe the etiology, pathological progressions, and the advancement of ideologies pertaining to treatment options for diabetic foot ulcers. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.