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Hip fractures

current review of treatment and management

Kim, Daniel C. MD, MS; Honeycutt, Michael W. MD; Riehl, John T. MD

doi: 10.1097/BCO.0000000000000771
Review Article

Hip fractures are one of the most common major orthopaedic injuries in the United States, with an incidence that is growing with the aging population. These fractures vary significantly in anatomy, pathogenesis, and treatment. Orthopaedists must be able to carefully distinguish between femoral neck, intertrochanteric, and subtrochanteric femoral fractures because diagnosis is essential in guiding treatment. The extent of complex decision-making and management is often underappreciated in this diverse group of fractures. In this review, the relevant background, anatomy, and current treatment considerations essential to optimize management of these common and significant injuries are discussed.

University of South Alabama Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mobile, AL

Financial Disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence to Daniel C. Kim, MD, MS, 1601 Center St. #N-3160, Mobile, AL 36604 Tel: (408) 613-7695; fax: 251-665-8200; e-mail:

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