SPECIAL FOCUS: Resident EducationAcute compartment syndrome of the foot: a reviewWells, Daniel B. MD; Davidson, Austin R. MD; Murphy, Garnett A. MDAuthor Information Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Biomedical Engineering/Campbell Clinic, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN Financial Disclosure: Dr. Murphy discloses a financial relationship outside this work with Allostem, Arthrex, Biomimetic, Elsevier, Smith and Nephew, and Wright Medical. The other authors have no disclosures. The authors report no conflicts of interest. Correspondence to Daniel B. Wells, MD, Editorial Department, Campbell Foundation, 1211 Union Avenue, Suite 510, Memphis, TN 38104 Tel: +901-759-3277; fax: +901-759-3278; e-mail: [email protected]. Current Orthopaedic Practice: January/February 2018 - Volume 29 - Issue 1 - p 11-15 doi: 10.1097/BCO.0000000000000579 Buy Metrics Abstract Acute compartment syndrome of the foot represents a clinical scenario in which prompt recognition and treatment are necessary. Diagnosis can be challenging, as symptoms often are not as distinct as the classic findings in other anatomic locations (leg or forearm). Tense swelling and pain out of proportion to injury may be the most reliable signs. Releasing a circumferential dressing and elevating the foot assist with decreasing intracompartmental pressures. No high-level evidence exists confirming the benefit of fasciotomies; however, consensus seems to favor the practice of urgent surgical intervention. Late manifestations typically involve forefoot deformity. Surgical correction may be warranted. Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.