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Minimally invasive surgery for total hip arthroplasty

Wall, Simon J; Mears, Simon C

doi: 10.1097/BCO.0b013e318193ec70
SPECIAL FOCUS: Hip Reconstruction
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We review recent publications (primarily January, 2007 through July, 2008) and describe the development of minimally invasive techniques and protocols for total hip arthroplasty. The main themes are the short-term outcome differences between standard and minimally invasive surgical approaches and between two types of minimally invasive surgical approaches: the mini-posterior and two-incision approach. Some investigators contend that outcome depends on choice of surgical approach alone; others have found that outcome is more attributable to perioperative protocols. The distinction between minimally invasive and mini-incision surgery continues to be clarified. The literature indicates that (1) patient expectations, anesthetic modality and rapid rehabilitation protocols may affect recovery time more than the type of surgical approach or length of skin incision; (2) deep dissection plays more of a role in recovery than the length of skin incision; and (3) the differences in outcomes related to the type of minimally invasive surgical approach remain undistinguished. However, patients and surgeons continue to believe that smaller incisions lead to better outcomes. Additional investigation is needed to identify the best approach and to delineate the specific roles of expectations, pain control and rapid rehabilitation.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University/Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA

Correspondence to Simon C. Mears, MD, PhD, c/o Elaine P. Henze, BJ, ELS, Medical Editor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 4940 Eastern Ave., #A672, Baltimore, MD 21224-2780, USA Tel: +1 410 550 5400; fax: +1 410 550 2899; e-mail: ehenze1@jhmi.edu

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.