SPECIAL FOCUS: Hand and WristThe diagnosis and treatment of cubital tunnel syndromeHusain, Sohail Na; Kaufmann, Robert AbAuthor Information aHand and Upper Extremity Fellow, USA bHand and Upper Extremity Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Correspondence to Robert A. Kaufmann, Assistant Professor, Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kaufmann Medical Building, Suite 911, 3471 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA Tel: +1 412 605 3209; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Current Orthopaedic Practice: September 2008 - Volume 19 - Issue 5 - p 470-474 doi: 10.1097/BCO.0b013e3283021450 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Cubital tunnel syndrome is a commonly encountered compressive neuropathy of the upper extremity. Upon failure of conservative treatment, many patients may require surgical intervention. This article reviews recent studies on the evaluation and treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome. Recent findings Randomized trials have not shown a benefit to ulnar nerve transposition when compared with simple decompression in the short to mid-term follow-up periods. Summary The optimal method for cubital tunnel syndrome treatment is still unclear. Recently, there has been an increased interest in less invasive procedures. Adequately powered randomized studies with longer follow-up are required to develop more stringent treatment guidelines. © 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.