Ghent William Shawn M.D.; Olsen, Gerald N. M.D.Journal of Bronchology: July 1995 Article: PDF Only Free Abstract Bronchial varices of unknown etiology were seen causing severe hemoptysis in an elderly man. Computer-assisted tomography (CT) suggested mediastinal fibrosis. Mitral stenosis is the most reported cause of bronchial varices but was not present. © Williams & Wilkins 1995. All Rights Reserved.