The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of the OptiBP mobile application based on an optical signal recorded by placing the patient’s fingertip on a smartphone’s camera to estimate blood pressure (BP). Measurements were carried out in a general population according to existing standards of the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI), the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
Participants were recruited during a scheduled appointment at the hypertension clinic of Lausanne University Hospital in Switzerland. Age, gender and BP distribution were collected to fulfill AAMI/ESH/ISO universal standards. Both auscultatory BP references and OptiBP were measured and compared using the opposite arm simultaneous method as described in the 81060-2:2018 ISO norm.
A total of 353 paired recordings from 91 subjects were analyzed. For validation criterion 1, the mean ± SD between OptiBP and reference BP recordings was respectively 0.5 ± 7.7 mmHg and 0.4 ± 4.6 mmHg for SBP and DBP. For validation criterion 2, the SD of the averaged BP differences between OptiBP and reference BP per subject was 6.3 mmHg and 3.5 mmHg for SBP and DBP. OptiBP acceptance rate was 85%.
The smartphone embedded OptiBP cuffless mobile application fulfills the validation requirements of AAMI/ESH/ISO universal standards in a general population for the measurement of SBP and DBP.