Methods using for determining the subclinical atherosclerosis have gained growing interest in the recent years. However, the effects of pseudo-hypertension on the parameters of subclinical atherosclerosis are uncertain. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between pseudo-hypertension and subclinical atherosclerosis in individuals diagnosed with pseudo-hypertension.
A total of 122 patients who underwent radial elective coronary angiography were included in the present study. These patients were divided into two groups based on the difference between invasive and noninvasive blood pressure (BP) measurements: pseudo-hypertension group who had a difference ≥15 mmHg in SBP or ≥10 mmHg in DBP levels between invasive and noninvasive measurements (n = 28), and the other group who did not have any difference as described on these levels (n = 94). In order to evaluate the subclinical atherosclerosis; flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), and augmentation index were recorded in all patients. Two groups were compared with respect to these parameters.
The median age of the pseudo-hypertension group was 76 years, while the median age of the other group was 63.5 years (P < 0.0001). The incidence of concomitant hypertension was higher in the pseudo-hypertension group as compared to the other group (P < 0.001). There was a significant difference in augmentation index, cardiac output, PWV, FMD, and IMT values between two groups (P = 0.016, P = 0.023, P <0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, respectively).
The present results demonstrated that there was a strong correlation between pseudo-hypertension and the parameters of subclinical atherosclerosis; augmentation index, PWV, FMD, and carotids IMT.