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Reliability and validity of blood pressure measurement in the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes study

Pérgola, Pablo E.a; White, Carole L.b; Graves, John W.c; Coffey, Christopher S.d; Tonarelli, Silvina B.b; Hart, Robert G.b; Benavente, Oscar R.bfor the SPS3 investigators

doi: 10.1097/MBP.0b013e3280858d5b
Clinical Methods and Pathophysiology
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Rationale The Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes study is a multicenter, international trial funded by the National Institutes of Health testing the role of lowering systolic blood pressure to <130 mmHg in the prevention of stroke recurrence and cognitive decline in patients with recent symptomatic small subcortical stroke. Reliable and unbiased blood pressure measurement is critical to successful completion of the trial.

Methods We looked at the reliability and validity of both the device used for blood pressure measurement and observer performance during measurement to assess the quality of blood pressure determination in the study. The Colin 8800C blood pressure device was tested for performance to Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation standards and for presence of skipped digits. Observer performance was tested by examining adherence to the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes protocol.

Results The mean difference (in mmHg) between the Colin device and the average of the two observers was 3.9 (SD 6.7) and −2.1 (SD 6.1) for systolic and diastolic pressures respectively, thereby meeting Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation requirements. No skipped digits were found between 82–230 and 40–120 mmHg for systolic and diastolic pressures, respectively. Observer performance was excellent with greater than 90% of patients having blood pressure measured consistently according to the protocol.

Conclusions Device and observer performance in Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes is excellent. Interpretation of the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes data for the effect of lowering systolic blood pressure on patient outcomes will not likely be adversely affected by these factors. Accuracy will be monitored throughout the remainder of the trial to ensure that this high quality is maintained.

aDepartment of Medicine, Division of Nephrology

bDivision of Neurology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas

cDivision of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota

dDepartment of Biostatistics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA

Correspondence to Dr Carole L. White, RN, PhD, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, SPS3 Coordinating Center, 4647 Medical Drive, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA

Tel: +1 210 592 0404; fax: +1 210 592 0552;

e-mail: hitec2@uthscsa.edu

Received 5 July 2006 Revised 24 October 2006 Accepted 25 October 2006

© 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.