The validation of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring devices is necessary to obtain information on their accuracy. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of the Tensioday oscillometric ambulatory blood pressure monitor according to the protocols of the British Hypertension Society and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI).
We followed the phases recommended by the British Hypertension Society protocol: before-use calibration, in-use assessment, after-use calibration, static device validation and report of the evaluation. However, we expanded on the protocol to accommodate features required by the AAMI.
The accuracy of calibration of three Tensioday devices was tested before and after the in-use phase when each of three devices was performing 10 24 h sessions of ambulatory monitoring. As all three devices passed these phases, the accuracy of blood pressure measurement was tested in one arbitrarily selected device on 85 subjects for systolic and 85 for diastolic blood pressure values. This was done by comparing three sequential same-arm blood pressure readings obtained by the device with three readings obtained by two observers using standard mercury sphygmomanometer. The comparisons were carried out while resting in the seated, supine and standing positions for all subjects. The results were used to grade the performance of the device according to the British Hypertension Society protocol and to calculate the mean ± standard deviation of the difference between the device and the observers, as required by the AAMI.
The Tensioday device achieved an overall grade of A for both the systolic and diastolic measurements, and had a mean difference compared with the observer-measured blood pressure of 1.4 ± 5.3/1.0 ± 4.7 mmHg, which satisfies the AAMI criteria for accuracy. The British Hypertension Society grading did not change when patients with low, medium, and high blood pressure were analysed separately. The AAMI accuracy criteria were fulfilled in the standing and lying positions as well.
On the basis of these results, the Tensioday ambulatory blood pressure monitoring device can be recommended for clinical use for ambulatory monitoring. The accuracy of the device needs, however, further testing in special situations, such as in pregnancy, in elderly patients and during exercise.