To evaluate the reproducibility and relationship with left ventricular mass index of home blood pressure in comparison with ambulatory and office blood pressures.
We measured home, ambulatory and office blood pressures of 84 previously untreated hypertensive patients, aged 60–74 years, from primary care, at baseline and after 12 weeks, without active intervention in between. Left ventricular mass index was determined echocardiographically during week 12.
Decreases in systolic and diastolic blood pressures were found after 12 weeks for mean home and office blood pressures (P>0.05), but not for mean ambulatory blood pressure. The coefficients of reproducibility for systolic and diastolic ambulatory blood pressures were 26.4 and 16.0, respectively. Correlation coefficients for correlation of left ventricular mass index to ambulatory blood pressure (0.51 and 0.36) were higher than the correlation coefficients for home (0.31 and 0.16) and office (0.32 and 0.21) blood pressures, for systolic and diastolic values, respectively. However, we could find no statistically significant difference among the correlation coefficients for all three types of measurements.
Home blood pressure was considerably less reproducible than ambulatory blood pressure and no different from office blood pressure in this respect The relationship with left ventricular mass index appeared to be stronger for ambulatory than it was for home and office blood pressures, although not statistically significant so.