ORIGINAL ARTICLESPoint-of-care hemostasis in children with congenital heart disease, the POCHEMO study baseline reference values of thromboelastometry and impedance aggregometryLongchamp, Davida,*; Perez, Marie-Hélènea,*; Natterer, Juliaa; Amiet, Viviannea; Ferry, Thomasa; Boegli, Yannb; Mauron, Sylvainb; Dolci, Mirkob; Plaza Wuthrich, Soniaa; Di Bernardo, StefanocAuthor Information aPediatric Intensive Care bPediatric Anesthesia cPediatric Cardiology Divisions, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland Correspondence to Stefano Di Bernardo, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, 46, Rue du Bugnon, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland Tel: +41 21 314 36 89; fax: +41 21 314 36 65; e-mail: [email protected] Received 4 January, 2019 Revised 5 May, 2019 Accepted 13 May, 2019 Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: July 2019 - Volume 30 - Issue 5 - p 199-204 doi: 10.1097/MBC.0000000000000818 Buy Metrics Abstract Viscoelastic tests and impedance aggregometry allow coagulation evaluation at the bedside, but reference values are scarce in pediatrics. The aim of this study was to establish reference values of thromboelastometry and impedance aggregometry for this population and compare it between age groups. This prospective, single-center, observational study evaluates viscoelastic tests and impedance aggregometry in children with congenital heart disease. A total of 204 children were included with a median age of 3.6 years old. We provide references values for this population with median, percentile 2.5 and percentile 97.5. Infants demonstrate for extrinsic activity a shorter coagulation time (52 [49–55] vs. 56 [51–62] s, P = 0.007) and clot formation time (90 [71–118] vs. 113 [93–146] s, P < 0.0001) so as for intrinsic activity a shorter clot formation time (53 [44–69] vs. 75 [59–92] s, P < 0.0001). The maximal clot firmness was significantly stronger in infants for extrinsic (65 [61–69] vs. 59 [54–63] mm, P < 0.0001), intrinsic (68 [64–70] vs. 61 [57–65] mm, P < 0.0001), and fibrinogen (12 [9–16] vs. 10 [8–13] mm, P = 0.02) activities. Platelet aggregation was significantly higher in infants with an amplitude at 6 min of 28 [23–34] vs. 22 [15–27] Ω, P less than 0.0001, a maximum speed of 11 [9–13] vs. 7 [5–10] Ω/min, P less than 0.0001, and an area under the curve of 120 [92–135] vs. 86 [59–112] Ω min, P less than 0.0001. We provided the first reference values for impedance aggregometry and thromboelastometry in children with congenital heart disease. We showed that these infants tend to have accelerated coagulation and stronger clot firmness compared with older children, but this finding may have only minimal relevance when treating a bleeding child. Trial registration number: ClinicalTrials.gov (clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02387944). Copyright © 2019 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.