Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Arthroscopic knee debridement can delay total knee replacement in painful moderate haemophilic arthropathy of the knee in adult patients

Rodriguez-Merchan, E. Carlos; Gomez-Cardero, Primitivo

Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: September 2016 - Volume 27 - Issue 6 - p 645–647
doi: 10.1097/MBC.0000000000000443
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Buy

The role of arthroscopic debridement of the knee in haemophilia is controversial in the literature. The purpose of this study is to describe the results of arthroscopic knee debridement (AKD), with the aim of determining whether it is possible to delay total knee replacement (TKR) for painful moderate haemophilic arthropathy of the knee in adult patients. In a 14-year period (1998–2011), AKD was performed for moderate haemophilic arthropathy of the knee in 27 patients with haemophilia A. Their average age at operation was 28.6 years (range 26–39 years). Indications for surgery were as follows: more than 90° of knee flexion, flexion deformity less than 30°, good axial alignment of the knee, good patellar alignment, and pain above >60 points in a visual analogue scale [0 (no pain) to 100 points]. Secondary haematological prophylaxis and rehabilitation (physiotherapy) was given for at least 3 months after surgery. Follow-up was for an average of 7.5 years (range 2–14 years). We assessed the clinical outcome before surgery and at the time of latest follow-up using the Knee Society pain and function scores, the range of motion, and the radiological score of the World Federation of Haemophilia. Knee Society pain scores improved from 39 preoperatively to 66 postoperatively, and function scores improved from 36 to 52. Range of motion improved on an average from −15° of extension and 90° of flexion before surgery, to −5° of extension and 110° of flexion at the last follow-up. A radiological deterioration of 2.8 points on average was found. There were two (7.4%) postoperative complications (haemarthroses resolved by joint aspiration). One patient (3.7%) required a TKR 12.5 years later. AKD should be considered in painful moderate haemophilic arthropathy of the knee in adult patients to delay TKR.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain

Correspondence to Dr E. Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, La Paz University Hospital, Paseo de la Castellana 261, 28046-Madrid, Spain E-mail: ecrmerchan@gmx.es

Received 25 February, 2015

Revised 1 September, 2015

Accepted 12 September, 2015

Copyright © 2016 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.