Research Paper: PDF OnlyBoisclair M. D.; Lane, D. A.Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: December 1992 - p 795-802 Buy Abstract A sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has been developed to measure plasma levels of thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT). The assay is performed in a microtitre plate using polyclonal antibodies specific for antigenic determinants on prothrombin and antithrombin. Antibody to prothrombin was immobilized on a solid phase, using a titre predetermined to optimize capture of TAT. The performance of the microtitre plate ELISA for TAT has been extensively investigated and compared with the performance characteristics of a tube-based ELISA for TAT which is available commercially (Enzygnost-TAT, from Behringwerke, Marburg, Germany). Studies with plasma containing various levels of prothrombin showed that the zymogen competed with TAT for capture antibody in both assays. Variations in prothrombin levels between plasma samples present a potential source of artifact, but one which does not critically affect the performance of either assay in detecting large elevations in TAT. A high correlation (r = 0.88) was established between the results of plasma samples assayed by both assays, whether citrate or EDTA anticoagulant was used to prepare plasma. High correlations (r > 0.90) were also established for each assay between the results of plasma prepared with EDTA as compared to citrate anticoagulant. Both assays were able to discriminate completely between a group of 16 normal controls and a group of 31 patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.