Ketamine has been shown to induce a rapid antidepressant effect on patients with depression. In many animal models, both rapid and sustained antidepressant activities were also found in response to an antagonist of group II metabotropic glutamate receptors, LY341495, and its mechanism of action seemed to be similar in many ways to the action of ketamine. It has also been found that LY341495 enhanced the antidepressant-like activity of sub-effective doses of ketamine in rats without inducing adverse effects. Here, we investigated the role of AMPA receptor and TrkB receptor activation in the antidepressant-like effects of ketamine (3 mg/kg) co-administered with LY341495 (0.1 mg/kg), in the forced swim test in rats, at three time points (40 min, 3 h and 24 h) after joint administration of the tested compounds. It was found that the AMPA receptor antagonist NBQX (10 mg/kg) reversed the antidepressant effect of ketamine co-administered with LY341495 at all tested time points, whereas the TrkB receptor antagonist ANA-12 contributed to blockade of the effect of ketamine and LY341495 3 h after their joint administration. These results indicate that activation of AMPA receptor and BDNF-related signaling may play a role in the mechanism of antidepressant action of ketamine co-administered with LY341495.
aDepartment of Neurobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Pharmacology
bDepartment of Drug Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
Correspondence to Agnieszka Pałucha-Poniewiera, PhD, Department of Neurobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Pharmacology PAS, Smętna 12, 31-343 Kraków, Poland E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received September 13, 2018
Accepted November 27, 2018