Previous studies indicate that metabotropic glutamate receptor type 2/3 (mGluR2/3) has a key role in the rewarding properties of morphine-induced conditioning place preference (CPP). Group II mGluR2/3 agonists are offered as a drug addiction treatment. The nucleus accumbens (NAc), which is one of the important areas involved in the reward circuitry, also expresses these receptors. In this study, we evaluated the effects of mGluR2/3 agonist, LY379268, on the extinction and reinstatement of morphine-induced CPP, following its microinjection into the NAc. Adult male Wistar rats (220–250 g) were implanted bilaterally by two separate cannulae into the NAc. After the acquisition of morphine CPP, different doses of LY379268 (0.3, 1 and 3 µg/0.5 μl saline) were microinjected into the NAc every day during the extinction period and, in a different set of experiments, on the reinstatement test day, 60 min before the infusion of a priming dose of morphine (1 mg/kg; subcutaneous). Thereafter, the animals were tested for place preference by the Ethovision software. The intra-accumbal injection of the mGluR2/3 agonist, LY379268, significantly decreased the extinction latencies and reinstatement of morphine-induced CPP at higher doses. It seems that the NAc might be a functional region for mGluR2/3 to play a regulatory role for decreasing drug-seeking behavior in rats. Furthermore, it can be said that mGluR2/3 agonists have a potential role in the treatment of drug-seeking behaviors.
aNeuroscience Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
bCognitive and Neuroscience Research Center (CNRC), Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran
cNeurophysiology Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Correspondence to Abbas Haghparast, PhD, Neuroscience Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 19615-1178, Tehran, Iran E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Received September 9, 2016
Accepted November 27, 2017