To compare wound products by measuring time to granulation tissue and time to complete wound healing for tracheostomy wounds in the pediatric population.
Investigators identified 134 charts of patients treated January 2013 and June 2017; 93 charts met the inclusion criteria. This study compared the use of a foam dressing (n = 34) to the foam dressing plus a wound filler (n = 59) in patients who developed or were admitted with a wound caused by a tracheostomy device.
PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES
Time in days to granulation tissue and to wound closure.
The average time to complete wound closure for participants in this study was 14 days. There was no statistically significant difference in time to granulation tissue or wound closure formation between the wound care products (F2,34 = 1.11, P = .34). Cluster analysis (10 splits) revealed that pressure injury stage was the best predictor, accounting for 41% of the variance in the high treatment response group (those healing in <14 days). Patients who were African American with a stage 2 pressure injury, had a PUSH score of 5 or more, and were using a foam plus a wound filler dressing were 86% more likely to be in the high-response group.
All wounds reviewed healed with current wound care practices without surgical intervention. Best practice for healing tracheostomy wounds in pediatric patients should include the wound filler in the first 14 days based on variable interaction.