This study aimed to use glycerin to improve physical and wound adhesion properties of a wound dressing made of silk sericin and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA).
Glycerin of a natural-derived plasticizer was used to modify the properties of silk sericin/PVA scaffolds. Various concentrations of glycerin were mixed with silk sericin and PVA and then fabricated into the scaffolds by a freeze-drying technique. The control study was performed to examine the properties of the silk sericin/PVA scaffolds with and without glycerin.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
Physical, mechanical, wound adhesion properties, the release profile of silk sericin, and in vivo safety of the silk sericin/PVA scaffolds with and without glycerin were investigated.
The silk sericin/PVA scaffolds with glycerin exhibited more homogenous structure, less compressive modulus, higher Young modulus and elongation percentage, and a higher degree of crosslinking compared with the scaffold without glycerin. The silk sericin/PVA scaffold with 2% wt/vol glycerin showed more controlled release of silk sericin than the other scaffolds. The sustained release of silk sericin from the scaffold with glycerin would be advantageous for long-term healing of wounds. The silk sericin/PVA scaffold with 2% (wt/vol) glycerin was less adhesive to the wound compared with the scaffold without glycerin. Furthermore, the implantation of silk sericin/PVA scaffolds with 2% (wt/vol) glycerin did not cause any irritation to the tissue.
The silk sericin/PVA scaffolds with glycerin were introduced as a biocompatible, more flexible, and less adhesive wound dressing than the scaffold without glycerin.