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Erratum: Initial ELSO Guidance Document: ECMO for COVID-19 Patients with Severe Cardiopulmonary Failure

doi: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000001219
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In the article entitled “Initial ELSO Guidance Document: ECMO for COVID-19 Patients with Severe Cardiopulmonary Failure” (ASAIO J 2020; 66: 472-474) the legend for Figure 1 omitted that the figure was adapted from a previous publication (Lancet Respir Med. 2019; 7:108-110). The authors had obtained the required permissions prior to publication.

The authors regret the omission. These additions have been corrected online and the updated figure legend is as follows.

Figure 1.
Figure 1.:
Algorithm for management of acute respiratory distress syndrome. *With respiratory rate increased to 35 breaths per minute and mechanical ventilation settings adjusted to keep a plateau airway pressure of s32 cm of water. †Consider neuromuscular blockade. ‡There are no absolute contraindications that are agreed upon except end-stage respiratory failure when lung transplantation will not be considered; exclusion used in the EOLIA trial1 can be taken as a conservative approach to contraindications to ECMO. ∫Eg neuromuscular blockade, high PEEP strategy, inhaled pulmonary vasodilators, recruitment maneuvers, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation. ¶Recommend early ECMO as per EOLIA trial criteria; salvage ECMO, which involves deferral of ECMO initiation until further decompensation (as in the crossovers to ECMO in the EOLIA control group), is not supported by the evidence but might be preferable to not initiating ECMO at all in such patients. PEEP, positive end-expiratory pressure; PaO2:HO2, ratio of partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood to the fractional concentration of oxygen in inspired air; ECMO, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; PaCO2, partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood. Adapted from Abrams D et al.8
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