From the *Division of Applied Biomedical Engineering, Department of Surgery, The Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania
†Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
‡Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, Pennsylvania
§Division of Outcomes Research and Quality, Department of Surgery, The Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania.
Submitted for consideration February 2022; accepted for publication in revised form September 2022.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to report. The abstract of the study was accepted and presented at the 66th ASAIO Conference.
This work was funded, in part, by the American Heart Association Transformational Project Award (20TPA35490030), National Institutes of Health (R01HL136369), and Department of Defense (W81XWH-20-1-0744).
C.-S.J., G.R., and C.S. designed research. L.X., E.Y., K.B., and B.L. performed the experiments. R.N., C.M.S., and J.P.C. manufactured the device and controller. C.S, W.J.W., and C.-S.J. analyzed the data. C.-S.J. and C.R.B. wrote the article.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text, and links to the digital files are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.asaiojournal.com).
Correspondence: Choon-Sik Jhun, PhD, Division of Applied Biomedical Engineering, Department of Surgery, The Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033. E-mail: [email protected]