From the *Division of Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
†Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
‡Division of Surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Submitted for consideration June 2021; accepted for publication in revised form April 2022.
Disclosure: R.C. is a consultant for Abbott Lab and a member of the speaker’s bureau; is a consultant for Medtronic and her husband is a Medtronic employee. R.J. is a consultant for Abbott Lab and Medtronic has received research grants.
Supported by University of Minnesota Departmental Funds.
Correspondence: Rebecca Cogswell, Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, 401 East River Parkway, Variety Club Research Center (VCRC), 1st Floor – Suite 131, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55455. Email: [email protected].