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A Numerical Simulation of HeartAssist5 Blood Pump Using an Advanced Turbulence Model

Drešar, Primož*; Rutten, Marcel C. M.; Gregorič, Igor D.; Duhovnik, Jožef*

doi: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000000703
Biomedical Engineering

The need for mechanical assistance of the failing heart has increased with improvements in medicine and a rapidly aging population. In recent decades, significant progress has been made in the development and refinement of ventricular assist devices (VADs). Such devices operate in mixed laminar, transitional, and turbulent flow regime. One tool that assists in the development of VADs by facilitating understanding of the physical and mechanical properties of these flow regimes is computational fluid dynamics (CFD). In our investigation, we tested an advanced turbulence model that is a further development from standard Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) models. From estimated pump flow rates (Q0) and constant rotation speed (n), pressure head (Δp) was calculated and validated with experimental data. An advanced turbulence model called scale adaptive simulation (SAS) was used in the solving of six different working cases comparing numerical SAS-SST and standard SST-kω models to experimental results.

From the *Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Center for Advanced Heart Failure and Pathology Department, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston/Memorial Hermann Hospital – Texas Medical Center, Houston, Texas.

Submitted for consideration February 2017; accepted for publication in revised form September 2017.

Disclosure: The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.

Correspondence: Primož Drešar, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Aškerčeva 6, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Email:

Copyright © 2018 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs