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Esperanza: The First Neonatal ECMO Patient

Bartlett, Robert H.

doi: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000000697
Moment in History

The first successful neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation case (1975) is important in the development of extracorporeal life support, but the case report was never published. This is the report of that case with commentary on the evolution of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation since 1975.

From the Department of Surgery, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Submitted for consideration April 2017; accepted for publication in revised form June 2017.

Disclosure: The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.

Correspondence: Robert H. Bartlett, Emeritus ECLS Laboratory, B560 MSRB II, 1150 W. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Email:

Copyright © 2017 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs