Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is one of the most common causes of death in intensive care unit patients. The detoxification plasma filtration (DTPF) system (HemoCleanse, Inc., West Lafayette, IN) combines the DT hemodiabsorption system in series with a push-pull pheresis PF system (a suspension of powdered sorbents surrounding 0.5 µm plasma filter membranes). Bidirectional plasma flow (at 80–100 ml/min) across the PF membranes provides direct contact between plasma proteins and powdered sorbents, as well as clearance of cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, and interleukin-6) at a rate of 15–25 ml/min, without evidence of saturation for 90 minutes. In a U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved study we treated eight patients with SIRS and organ failure with a single DTPF treatment, using powdered charcoal as sorbent in four patients and powdered charcoal and silica in four patients. Treatments proceeded for 6 hours with proper heparin anticoagulation (activated clotting time 250–300 sec) and appeared safe. All patients improved during the treatments and each had increased blood pressure and decreased need for pressor agents. Plasma cytokine levels stabilized or decreased during treatment and were significantly lower the morning after treatment. Multiple organ dysfunction (MOD) and Acute Physiology Chronic Health Evaluation II scores and organ function gradually improved in most patients, and two patients survived for more than 28 days and two for more than 14 days. The DTPF System may prove beneficial in treatment of patients with sepsis.
Copyright © 1998 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs