Residual glutaraldehyde (GA) in collagenous cardiovascular tissue prostheses after multiple saline rinses remains in the prostheses and accounts for adsorption and conjugation of a variety of plasma proteins. This may account for later beneficial or adverse effects. Human serum albumin (SA), gamma globulin (GG), and fibrinogen (FB) were iodinated with 125I using the iodogen-transfer technique. Bovine pericardium (PC) was fixed with 0.5% GA for 24 hr and rinsed to remove excess GA. Fresh and GA-fixed PC (FRPC, GAPC: 1 × 1 cm2), in triplicate, were incubated with 0.5–1.0 µCi of tracers in human, porcine, or bovine blood (2 ml) for a period of 0.5,1, 2, and 3 hr and washed (5×) with saline. Maximum adsorbed proteins per unit weight of collagen (pmol/mg of PC, mean ± SD) at 3 hr on FRPC and GAPC were quantified with a gamma counter. Fixed PC absorbed significantly more plasma proteins from blood than fresh PC. These conjugated plasma proteins are tightly bound to fixed PC. The adsorbed and conjugated plasma proteins for GAPC and FRPC have the same sequence: SA > GG > FB vs SA > GG > FB. Protein conjugation may affect the remodeling of collagenous cardiovascular tissue prostheses post implantation.
Copyright © 1998 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs