Complement activity and platelet glycoprotein (GP) llb/llla dysfunction have been demonstrated during in vitro ventricular assist device circulation. Platelets contain C1 serine protease inhibitor (C1 INH) in secretory granules, which normally regulates complement. Complement activity may result from a loss of platelet regulation on complement during ventricular assist device circulation as platelets lose viability. The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of a platelet GP Ilb/IlIa receptor inhibitor to attenuate ventricular assist device associated complement activation during in vitro ventricular assisted circulation. Eight in vitro nonpulsatile centrifugal ventricular assist device circuits were simulated for 4 days using 450 ml fresh human whole blood. Cardiac index, temperature, pH, Po2, Pco2, Ca, glucose, and activated clotting time were maintained at physiologic levels. Levels of C1 INH and C3a were measured with and without a reversible glycoprotein llb/llla inhibitor (MK-383). Concentrations of C1 INH increase on exposure to ventricular assist device, and decrease to a plateau within 12 hr. The decrease in circulating unbound C1 INH was attenuated with pre treatment with MK-383. Concentrations of C3a increase 34 fold within 4 hr of exposure to a ventricular assist device with and 22 fold without pre treatment with MK-383. These findings suggest that protection of the platelet GP llb/llla complex delays complement activation during in vitro ventricular assist device circulation.
Copyright © 1998 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs