In patients with chronic renal failure who undergo hemodialysis (HD), the antioxidant system is inadequate to correct the imbalance between the generation and scavenging of reactive oxygen species. To clarify the role of six different membranes on oxidative stress, the authors measured plasma lipid peroxidation and erythrocyte (E) concentrations of several antioxidant enzymes in 30 HD patients: 20 on bicarbonate HD, 4 on paired filtration dialysis, 3 on acetate free biofiltration, and 3 on hemodiafiltration. Before, during, and after the first session of the week (at times 0, 30, 60, and 120 min, end, and 30 min after end of HD), several blood samples were drawn. Plasma (P) homocysteine (HCY), cysteine (CYS), malondialdehyde (MDA), E-glutathione (GSH), glucose-6-phosphodehydrogenase, glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione peroxidase (GP), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were determined. All six membranes (Hemophan [HEMO]; cellulose diacetate [DIAC]; acrylontrile-69 [AN69]; polymethylmethacrylate [PMMA]; cuprammonium rayon [CURAY]; polysulfone plus hemophan [PS + HEMO]) induced a significant decrease in plasma lipid peroxidation (p<0.001) and an increase in E-GSH, GR, GR + fiavinadenine dinucleotide, GP, and SOD (p<0.001). Some membranes, however, showed some peculiar effects on reactive oxygen species: HEMO is better than DIAC, as far as P-MDA and P-HCY are concerned; PMMA induces higher changes in E-GR and PCYS than does HEMO; and patients chronically using PMMA and PS + HEMO membranes show the lowest P-HCY levels both before and after dialytic sessions. Based on these changes, implications as to the effects on vascular disorders could be derived.
Copyright © 1998 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs