Urea kinetics has recently been re-evaluated using an online urea monitoring system applied to hemodiafiltration. This system allows evaluation of different components possibly responsible for the gap between prescribed and delivered dose of dialysis, such as access and cardiopulmonary recirculation, and altered dialysis parameters, such as blood flow and dialysate flow rates. Furthermore, the system allows prediction of postdialysis rebound urea concentrations. The aim of the present study was to apply the on-line urea monitoring system to assess the dialytic efficiency of double chamber hemodiafiltration in different conditions of blood-dialysate flow rates, reinfusion volumes, and dialyzer configurations (high + low flux membranes or high + high flux membranes) in 10 patients (age, 60 ± 9 years; dry weight, 65 ± 5 kg). There was a significantly lower Kt/V (K, dialyzer clearance; t, dialysis time; V, urea distribution volume) at equilibrium with the high + high vs high + low flux configuration, possibly because of a higher tendency toward urea compartmentalization. This difference was evident when reinfusion was performed post dilution. These studies support the concept that small molecular weight uremic toxins may be more efficiently removed using low flux membranes in a modified form of hemodiafiltration.
Copyright © 1998 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs