Prevention of anastomotic intimal hyperplasia (AIH) requires inhibition of the migration of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and promotion of endothelial cell (ECs) growth from the native arterial wall. We investigated the effect of coacervated α-elastin on migration of SMCs and ECs in vitro. SMCs and ECs were prepared from porcine aortic media and endothelium. Coacervated α-elastin was coated and cross-linked around the perimeter of each 1 cm diameter center of a well in a 12 well plate. SMCs and ECs were placed and cultured within the center of each well. The migration of SMCs and ECs on coacervated α-elastin was assayed on the second, third (10 mg/ml), or fourth day (0.1, 1.0, 10.0 mg/ml) of cultivation by measuring the area of migration from the 1 cm diameter center. Coacervated α-elastin was then coated and crosslinked on a Dacron graft using 1% glycerol polyglycidyl ether (GPGE) and examined with scanning electron microscopy to determine the feasibility of graft coating. SMC migration was significantly inhibited dose dependently over time (p < 0.005), e.g., 0.1 mg/ml (45.4% ± 2.7%: % of MES [pH 5] and 1% GPGE without α-elastin), 1.0 mg/ml (32.0% ± 1.4%), 10.0 mg/ml (8.3% ± 2.9%). EC migration (90.7% ± 6.2%: p = ns) was not inhibited by 0.1 mg/ml of coacervated α-elastin. Cross-linked coacervated α-elastin was coated on a dacron graft uniformly. Incorporation of coacervated α-elastin into the structure of arterial prostheses offers the possibility of inhibition of SMC hyperplasia without inhibition of EC formation.
Copyright © 1998 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs