An implantable centrifugal pump (ICP) for prolonged circulatory assist has been developed, at 320 ml and 830 g. A central balancing hole was made in its impeller for better antithrom-bogenicity. Waterproofing and histocompatibility were supported by a silicone seal and a casing made of titanium and acrylic resin. Overall efficiency was 30% and normalized index of homolysis was 0.003 mg/dl, the same value as the BP-80, at a flow rate of 5 L/min and a head of 100 mmHg. Antithrombogenicity and hemolytic properties of the ICP were investigated in paracorporeal implantation in three goats (61–71 kg). Exothermicity, anatomic fit, and water tightness of the ICP were evaluated in intrathoracic implantation in an adult goat (66 kg). The ICP could run paracorporeally for 50, 200, and 381 days. There was no thrombus in the ICP after 381 days' pumping, and the ICP could run in the chest cavity for 40 days. The temperature of the motor rose 1.8 ± 0.3°C from that of the pleura. Moisture content of the seal remained normal. The ICP was completely covered with smooth fibrous tissue. Although a small area of atelectasis was round in the lingula, neither lung adhesion nor necrosis of the chest wall was observed. The ICP has satisfactory anti-thrombogenicity, hemolytic property, water tightness, anatomic fit, and exothermicity for use as an implantable circulatory assist device. ASAIO Journal 1997; 43:M608-M614.
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