The location of stenoses within an access may influence the diagnostic value of access monitoring tests. Whereas decreasing access flow (QACC) should occur with both venous outlet stenoses and strictures within the body of the access, normalized intra-access venous pressure (vPIA/MAP) depends on location of the venous needle relative to the lesion. The authors determined the value of vPIA/MAP and direct measurement of percent access recirculation (AR) and QACC in detecting venous outlet stenoses and strictures. Abnormal access studies were evaluated by Doppler ultrasound and fistulography. Well functioning grafts and arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) have no AR; QACC averages 1,101 ± 26 and 1,073 ± 35 ml/min, and vPIA/MAP ratios are 0.34 and 0.16, respectively. Venous
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