Thromboembolic complications remain a major problem associated with the long-term clinical use of cardiac prostheses. A promising approach toward resolving this predicament is lining the blood contacting surfaces with a functional monolayer of endothelial cells (EC). In developing an endothelialized cardiac prosthesis, the authors in the past focused on establishing a confluent EC monolayer on the luminal surface of ventricular blood sacs. In this study, the au
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