To clarify determinants of clinical results of circulatory support for ventricular failure after cardiotomy, we examined 53 patients (33 men and 20 women) who underwent circulatory support for post operative heart failure from 1984 to October 1995. Their ages ranged from 22 to 74 years (mean, 51 years). In 53 patients, 32 had valvular, 19 had ischemic, and 2 had congenital heart disease. After operation, 21 patients underwent venoarterial bypass, 20 underwent biventricular bypass, and 8 underwent left ventricular bypass. The remaining 4 patients received a pulsatile left ventricular assist device. Weaning and discharge rates of the patients by type of support were 52.4% and 28.6% with venoarterial bypass, 75.0% and 55.0% with biventricular bypass, 87.5% and 37.5% with left ventricular bypass, and 75.0% and 50.0% with left ventricular assist device, respectively. The results of this series (67.9% weaning rate and 41.5% discharge rate) were acceptable. Peri-operative variables before and during circulatory support were analyzed multivariately by logistic regression analysis. Selected independent determinants (odds ratio) of significant difference (p < .05) were type of support (7.547) for non weaning and pre support cardiogenic shock (1 7.246), and type of support (8.780) and support duration (1.487) for mortality. These results suggest that early application before profound shock and appropriate selection of type of support might be key factors in successful circulatory support for ventricular failure oc- curring after cardiotomy
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