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Trans-scrotal orchidopexy for palpable undescended testis

Arena, Salvatore; Romeo, Carmelo

Annals of Pediatric Surgery: July 2018 - Volume 14 - Issue 3 - p 195
doi: 10.1097/01.XPS.0000535048.45683.70
LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Department of Human Pathology in Adult and Developmental Age ‘Gaetano Barresi’, University of Messina, Messina, Italy

Correspondence to Salvatore Arena, MD, PhD, Department of Human Pathology in Adult and Developmental Age ‘Gaetano Barresi’, University of Messina, Messina, Viale Gazzi, 98124 Messina, Italy Tel: +39 090 221 3014; fax: +39 090 221 3025; e-mail: salarena@unime.it

Received February 11, 2018

Accepted May 12, 2018

We read with great interest and appreciated very much the article written by Talabi et al. 1. In their study, the authors reported their preliminary experience on trans-scrotal orchidopexy for surgical management of palpable undescended testis compared with conventional inguinal orchidopexy, where the outcomes were assessed in terms of successful placement of the testis in the scrotum, postoperative complications and cosmetic appearance. The trans-scrotal orchidopexy was first described by Bianchi and Squire 2 about 20 years ago, and it can be considered a mini-invasive approach offering the advantage of less dissection, maintaining the integrity of the inguinal canal and subsequent greater comfort for children. Even if trans-scrotal approach is considered a reliable procedure in management of palpable undescended testis, respecting the essential requirements of a tension-free procedure, in Bianchi's group recurrence rate appears higher than other experiences reported using the inguinal approach 3. Since 2012, in our institution, we used to routinely perform trans-scrotal orchidopexy for palpable undescended testis, but we limited this approach to patients in whom the testis could be brought down to the high scrotal incision under anesthesia, whereas patients in whom the testis remained higher underwent an inguinal orchidopexy. With this limitation, in our experience, ∼90% of palpable undescended testis cases are eligible for the trans-scrotal approach, and in a series of ∼300 treated patients, we did not record any recurrence or atrophy using the trans-scrotal approach, whereas the overall recurrence rate in patients who underwent surgery for palpable undescended testis was ∼1% 3. Moreover, our impression is that trans-scrotal orchidopexy ensures a lower incidence of testicular atrophy, and we believe that this is owing to the fact that during trans-scrotal orchidopexy, the testicular cord remains always under the direct vision, whereas the inguinal approach includes a ‘blind passage’ of the testis along the scrotal neck, and a perioperative testicular spermatic cord torsion could accidentally occur, causing ischemia and subsequent testicular atrophy 3. In conclusion, even though we are less enthusiastic about the use of trans-scrotal orchidopexy in all patients affected by palpable undescended testis, we encourage to use it in all cases wherever it is reliable. Finally, in our opinion, the data of Talabi et al. 1 are very interesting, and we should like to congratulate the authors for their intriguing paper.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

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References

1. Talabi AO, Sowande OA, Anyanwu LJC, Adejuyigbe OA. Trans-scrotal single-incision orchidopexy compared with conventional orchidopexy in palpable undescended testis in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital. Ann Pediatr Surg 2015; 11:25–29.
2. Bianchi A, Squire BR. Transscrotal orchidopexy: orchidopexy revised. Pediatr Surg Int 1989; 4:189–192.
3. Arena S, Impellizzeri P, Perrone P, Scalfari G, Centorrino A, Turiaco N, et al. Our experience in transcrotal orchidopexy in children affected by palpable undescended testis. Eur J Pediatr Surg 2016; 26:13–16.
© 2018 Annals of Pediatric Surgery